”’Hawaii”’ is a state of the USA, part of the Pacific states group in the western USA region. The official language is English; some native languages are also preserved.
The state is located on the Hawaiian Islands in the central part of the Pacific Ocean. There are several active volcanoes on the island of Hawaii: Mauna Loa and Kilauea.
The name Hawaii is derived from the Proto-Polynesian language, where the word hawai means “homeland.” In this sense, the word hawai is still used today in some languages of the peoples of Oceania, such as Samoa.
The capital and largest city of Hawaii is Honolulu.
Other major cities are Hilo, Kailua, Kaneohe. The most developed island is Oahu.
The Aloha State (official), Paradise of the Pacific, The Islands of Aloha
Total 10,931 sq mi (28,311 km2)
Width n/a miles (n/a km)
Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)
The islands were first inhabited by Polynesians in the VI — III centuries BC.
In the 16th century, Spanish navigators visited Hawaii, but officially islands were opened by an expedition of English captain James Cook, who called them the Sandwich Islands (1778). Europeans found several state formations in Hawaii, which in the early 19th century became a kingdom. At the end of the century, interest in sugarcane production increased. This led the United States to a more active economic and political impact on the affairs of the archipelago. The native population slowly died out because of difficult economic conditions: by the end of the century, about 30 thousand people survived from the 300 thousand Polynesian population.
In 1894, the Republic of Hawaii was formed. It was entirely dependent on the United States. Its president was S. Dole. In 1898, at the height of the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii and in 1900 gave them the status of “territory”.
In 1908, the port of Pearl Harbor, which since the end of the XIX century played the role of an international port, became the base of the US Navy. The attack of Japanese aviation on this base on December 7, 1941, led the United States to enter World War II. August 21, 1959, Hawaii received the status of the state (the last, the 50th state in a row).
Around 1,400,000 people live in the state. The average population density in Hawaii is about 221/sq mi (82.6/km2).
The largest cities of Hawaii are the capital of the state Honolulu (more than 390,000 inhabitants, Pearl City (about 50,000 inhabitants), Hilo (about 45,000 inhabitants), Waipahu (more than 38 000 inhabitants) and Kano (about 35 000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities of Hawaii
* University of Hawaii-West Oahu
* University of Hawaii at Manoa
* Hawaii Pacific University
* Brigham Young University-Hawaii
* University of Hawaii at Hilo
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